Julian Alden Weir

American Tonalist, Impressionist Painter, 1852 - 1919
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Julian Alden Weir oil paintings
A Follower of Grolier
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31123
After the Ride aka Visiting Neighbors
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31124
At the Piano
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31125
Autumn Days
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31126
Autumn Rain
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31127
Branchville Connecticut
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31128
Connecticut Scene
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31129
Upland Pasture
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31130
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31131
Face Reflected in a Mirror
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31132
Girl Standing by a Gate
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31133
Houses in Pasture
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31134
Ideal Head
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31135
Idle Hours
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31136
In the Livingroom
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31137
Little Lizie Lynch
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31138
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31139
Midsummer Landscape
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31140
Noonday Rest In New England
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31141
On the Shore
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31142
Ravine near Branchville
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31143
Roses in a Silver Bowl on a Mahogany Table
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31144
Silver Chalice with Roses
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31145
Summer Afternoon Shinnecock Landscape
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31146
Summer aka Friends
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31147
The Black Hat
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31148
The Blue Gown
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31149
The Building of the Dam
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31151
The Lace Maker
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31152
The Letter
Julian Alden Weir
Item ID:31153
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Artist photo

Julian Alden Weir (August 30, 1852 - December 8, 1919) was an American impressionist painter and member of the Cos Cob Art Colony near Greenwich, Connecticut. Weir was also one of "The Ten", a loosely-allied group of American artists dissatisfied with professional art organizations, who banded together in 1898 to exhibit their works as a stylistically-unified group.

Weir was born and raised in West Point, New York, the son of painter Robert Walter Weir, a professor of drawing at the Military Academy at West Point. His older brother, John Ferguson Weir, also became a well-known landscape artist who also painted in the styles of the Hudson River and Barbizon schools.

Julian Weir received his first art training at the National Academy of Design in the early 1870s before enrolling at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1873. While in France he studied under the famous French artist Jean-Leon Gerome, and became good friends with Jules Bastien-Lepage. Weir also encountered impressionism for the first time, and reacted strongly: "I never in my life saw more horrible things...They do not observe drawing nor form but give you an impression of what they call nature. It was worse than the Chamber of Horrors."

Weir met James McNeill Whistler in London before returning to New York City in 1877. His works as a young artist centered on still life and the human figure, which he rendered in a realist style not unlike the work of Edouard Manet. In the 1880s Weir moved to rural Ridgefield, Connecticut and strengthened his friendship with artists Albert Pinkham Ryder and John Henry Twachtman. The art of Weir and Twachtman was especially well-aligned, and the two sometimes painted and exhibited together. Both taught at the Art Students League.

By 1891 Weir had reconciled his earlier misgivings about impressionism and adopted the style as his own. Through the remainder of the 1890s and 1900s Weir painted impressionist landscapes and figurative works, many of which centered on his Connecticut farms at Branchville and Windham. His style varied from traditional, vibrant impressionism to a more subdued and shadowy tonalism. He also became skilled at etching.

In 1912 Weir was selected the first president of the Association of American Painters and Sculptors, but resigned a year later following the association's sponsorship of the modernist Armory Show. Weir later became president of the National Academy of Design. He died in 1919.

Today Weir's paintings are in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.; the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D. C.; Brigham Young University's Museum of Art, Provo, Utah; and the Wadsworth Athenaeum, Hartford, Connecticut. Weir's farm and studio at Branchville are protected as the Weir Farm National Historic Site, the Weir family continue ownership of the Windham farm.

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